The invention of plastics has solved many of the needs in our lives. From industrial production to clothing, food and shelter, it brings great convenience.
However, the improper use of plastic products and the excessive dependence on disposable plastic products, the natural world and our own human beings are being threatened by plastic pollution.
On December 4th, the president of the 73rd UN General Assembly, Es Pinosa, said at a press conference held at the UN headquarters in New York that 80% of disposable plastic products will eventually enter the ocean. It is expected that by 2050, the plastics in the ocean will exceed Fish.
The Office of the President of the UN General Assembly will fully support the global anti-plastic pollution initiative.
At present, countries around the world are developing biodegradable renewable plastics that can replace disposable plastic products, or banned the use of disposable plastic products.
Today, let's take a look at what countries and regions have promulgated bans since 2018.
2018 countries around the world banned orders
On October 24th, the European Parliament voted to pass a proposal to ban the use of disposable plastics to curb the pollution of marine and ecological environments caused by increasingly serious plastic waste.
According to the proposal, starting from 2021, the EU will ban the production and sale of disposable plastic products such as disposable tableware, cotton swabs and straws, which will be replaced by paper, straw or reusable hard plastic.
Plastic bottles will be collected separately according to existing recycling models; by 2025, the recycling rate of disposable plastic bottles in Member States is required to reach 90%.
On August 10, the New Zealand government announced that it will gradually ban disposable plastic shopping bags next year.
The retailer has at least 6 months to phase out the supply of light plastic bags. According to the proposal, the fines for those who violate the regulations should be raised to NZ$100,000, or about RMB 450,000.
On August 3, Chile officially promulgated the “Prohibition of Plastics Law”, prohibiting all supermarkets and shops in the country to provide plastic bags to customers. Chile has thus become the first country in Latin America to completely ban merchants from providing plastic bags to shoppers.
The "Prohibition of Plastics Law" stipulates that from February 3, 2019, all large supermarkets and shopping malls will no longer be able to provide shoppers with free or charge plastic bags. For each illegally provided plastic bag, the maximum fine is 370 US dollars; 2020 8 From the 3rd of the month, Chile will be completely "banned."
In August of this year, the Mongolian government made a resolution prohibiting the sale or use of disposable plastic bags from March 1, 2019.
The General Administration of Customs and the General Administration of Technical Supervision will supervise the resolution. The news was announced one year in advance to prepare the public and importers to use up their existing plastic bag reserves.
On July 12th, the French "European Times" reported that a resolution passed by the Paris City Council recently stipulated that starting from September, major municipal public institutions such as schools, nursing homes, stadiums and museums will gradually ban the use of plastics. straw.
France has banned disposable plastic bags less than 50 microns thick since 2016.
In addition, the French government will begin to completely ban disposable plastic tableware in 2020, replaced by degradable bags and compostable bags.
From July 1st, Queensland and Western Australia, Australia, banned retailers from offering disposable ultra-thin plastic bags to customers. Since then, there have been no plastic bans in New South Wales in Australia's eight administrative districts.
Under Queensland regulations, retailers who face a one-off ultra-thin plastic bag that does not exceed 35 microns in thickness may face a large fine of up to A$6,300 (equivalent to RMB 30,000).
Woolworth, Australia's largest supermarket chain, has stopped offering disposable plastic bags to customers in 1,000 stores nationwide since June 20. Customers need to bring their own shopping bags or purchase recyclable green plastic bags when shopping.
On June 5, on World Environment Day, the Prime Minister of India announced that it plans to eliminate all disposable plastic products by 2022.
India’s second populous state, Maharashtra’s “plastic limit order” came into effect on June 23.
CNN said that after the plastic limit order came into effect, the inspectors began to appear frequently on the streets of the city and ruthlessly issued a ticket to the offending merchants. On June 24th, more than 80 merchants were fined in the capital of Mumbai, the capital of the state, with a fine of up to 400,000 rupees.
In May, the Vancouver City Council voted to pass the ZeroWaste 2040 Strategy, and on June 1, 2019, the city's merchants were banned from dispensing disposable plastic straws, foam cups, and packed lunch boxes.
Vancouver has thus become the first city in the world to formally establish a “zero waste” target and corresponding plans.
In April this year, the South Korean government announced the "Comprehensive Countermeasures for Garbage Recycling Management", which will reduce the use of disposable cups and plastic bags by 35% by 2022 and reduce plastic waste by half by 2030.
In August, South Korea began trials of plastic bans. Some companies have developed rice straws that can be eaten. The ingredients include 70% rice and 30% cassava. The straws are smooth, firm and tough. They can be soaked in hot drinks for 2 to 3 times. Hours, staying longer in cold drinks.
At present, the single price is about 9 cents. Will the straw be eaten first than the drink?
In January of this year, British Prime Minister Theresa May announced that she would spare no effort to completely ban plastics. In addition to collecting various plastic products taxes and fees, and increasing research and development of replaceable materials, it is planned to eliminate all avoidable plastic waste by 2042. Including plastic bags, beverage bottles, straws and most food packaging bags.
In addition to the government, the Queen of England also expressed her strong refusal to use plastic straws and plastic bottles on all royal sites.
At the same time, the wave of forbidden plastics has also swept through many fields including catering and aviation.
Starbucks said it will completely ban the use of plastic straws in its 28,000 stores by 2020.
McDonald's announced that its UK and Irish stores have replaced all plastic straws with paper straws since September 2018.
IKEA (IKEA) promises to stop selling disposable plastic products by 2020 and achieve zero emissions by 2025.
In May of this year, Alaska Airlines announced that the company's cabin or lounge will no longer provide plastic straws and stir bars, which will be replaced by paper or bamboo products.
In July, American Airlines also announced that it would take similar measures. Since then, United Airlines, Delta Air Lines and other aviation companies have indicated that they will stop using various disposable plastic products to support the plastic ban.